Tuesday, July 7, 2015

Deciphering The Stereotypical Society--W S

3. What kind of a person do you think was the captain of the plane?
The incident tells us that the captain was not prejudiced and did not believe in racial discrimination.
4. Whom did the hostess refer to as the unpleasant person?
The hostess referred to the white woman as the unpleasant person.
5. Name the freedom fighter of India who experienced a similar situation.
Mahatma Gandhi
6. Discrimination can also be done on the basis of ________
Caste, gender, economic status

QII Unscramble the words with the help of the clues given
1. NJAHRAI – An English newspaper started by Gandhiji. – Harijan
2. TONICTUNOSTI – Helped in eradicating inequality. –Constitution
3. PTEYEOSTRE - Women are homemaker conveys Stereotype thinking.
4. CHOUTNUYTILIBA – Gandhiji enlightened the Indians on the evils of Untouchability

QIII Write your attitude about
1. People who are obese
They are obese because they eat too much.
or
They do not exercise.
or
They have some health problem.
2. People who hate Maths.
They do not like calculations.
Or
Their basic understanding of numbers is weak.
Or
They were not taught well.

QIV Justify that the following statements are stereotypical.
1. ‘Boys don’t cry’
Stereotype means ‘to believe unfairly that all people or things with particular characteristics are the same’. There are certain beliefs relating to the male and female genders like women cannot go out to earn, men are the protectors and successors of the family. The above statementalso conveys one such generalized belief that all men are supposed to be brave and should not express their emotions by crying.

QV The names of few reformers are given below. Find information on how they have contributed to the betterment of the Indian Society.
1. Ramabai Ranade – Worked for Women’s education
2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Worked against child marriages and untouchability.
3. Annie Besant – Fought for the rights of the Indian Women.
4. Pandit Jawahar lal Nehru - Took major steps for the eradication of the evils of the much prevalent caste-system

5. Mother Teressa – Worked for the downtrodden and needy people.

The Early Humans--W S

QI . Choose the correct answer:
1. The British naturalist,Charles Darwin wrote the book ‘The Descendant of Man’ (1871).
a. Arthur Adams b. Michel Adanson
c. Charles Darwin d. Alfred William Alcock

2. ‘Ardi’ is the name given to a skeleton excavated from the Ethiopian desert.
a. Ethiopian b. Australian
c. Mexican d. Indian

3. Much of the human evolution occurred in the continent of
Africa ..
a. America b. Australia
c. Antarctica d. Africa

4. The Mesolithic man used advanced flint tools called the
microliths.
a. megalith b. microliths
c. electron spin d. fossils

5. The people from Central India were called the Malwa people..
a. Aborigines b Chalcolithic
c. Hunsgi d Malwa

QII Imagine you are wandering in the Chalcolithic age. Write three things that you would find in this period and draw the images.
Animals- cattle, sheep, goats,
Metal artefacts
Rectangular or circular houses
Painted pottery

QIII Look at the pictures below and answer the following questions.
Picture A Picture B
1. Name the above discoveries – Picture A - Fire
Picture B - Wheel
2. Who made these discoveries – Picture A – The Paleolithic Man
Picture B - Neolithic Man
3. How were they used?
Picture A: Fire provided light and kept them warm. It was also
used to scare wild animals and helped to cook.
Picture B:The wheel was used to make pottery, transportation
of heavy objects as well as humans.

4. Give one way in which we make use of the fire and the wheel.
Fire: Fire is used to cook food
Wheel is used to run machines and vehicles
QIV Mention two similarities between the Paleolithic and the
Mesolithic age.
1. The Paleolithic and Neolithic man, both were food gatherers
and hunterers.
2. Both wore barks of trees, leaves and animal skins to protect
themselves from heat cold and rain.
QV Answer the questions related to the picture given below:
1. This picture depicts which period.
This picture depicts the Stone Age or the Paleolithic Age.
2. Where are the people living?
The people are living in a cave
3. What is fire being used for?
The fire is being used for cooking.
4. What are the men in the cave doing?
One of the men in the cave is making stone tools and the
other is making a cave painting.

QVI Complete the following chart:
The Aborigines of AustraliaAborigines of Australia
Where did they live
They lived in the desert, inland non-desert areas, the coast and Tasmania.
Food
They ate fruit.In the desert they ate insects,birds, reptiles and mammals.On the coast they ate roots,fruits, small animals, reptiles, fish and shell fish.
Role of man and woman
Men were custodians, tool makers and hunters. Women took care of the children, and gathered and fixed their food.

QVII Given below are sentences related to the Mesolithic Age.
Read them and write what change took place with respect to
these in the Neolithic Age.

1. Man lived in simple houses made of straw.
Man lived in houses made up of sun dried and burnt brick.

2. They wore barks of trees, leaves and animal skin.
They developed the art of spinning and wore clothes made of
wool and linen.

3. Hunting and food gathering were the main occupations.
Cultivation of crops and domestication of animals started in

the Neolithic

Sunday, July 5, 2015

Indus Valley Civilization-W S

QI Give the other names for
1. Lord Shiva - Pashupatinath
2. Mohenjo-daro – Mound of the Dead
3. Indus Valley Civilizations – Harappan Civilizations
4. River Valley Civilizations – Bronze Age
QII Choose the correct word from the bracket and fill in the blanks
1. Houses had side-entrances and windows were conspicuously absent. (windows)
2. In the Indus valley many figurines were made of terracotta. (bronze)
3. Houses were connected to the main drain equipped with manholes. (manholes)
4. The Indus people sowed seeds in November and reaped harvests in April. (April)
5. The Lower Town with larger residential areas were meant for the masses. (Lower Town)
6. The total area of the Indus Valley Civilization is larger than the total area of present day Pakistan. (Pakistan)
QIII Correct the following sentences by changing the  underlined words.
1. The most  important  public  place  in  Mohenjo-Daro  was  the granary.
The most important public place in Mohenjo-Daro was the great bath.
2. Rice was the staple food of the people of Indus.
Wheat was the staple food of the people of Indus.
3. A monument having a skeleton with a bronze mirror on it has been found in the city of Lothal.
A grave having a skeleton with a bronze mirror on it has been found in the city of Dholavira.
4. Sand makes the soil fertile for crops to grow in.
Silt makes the soil fertile for crops to grow in.
5. R.D. Banerjee discovered Harappa in 1932.
R. B. Dayaram discovered Harappa in 1922.
6. The Harrapans had trade relations with Baluchistan and Nepal.
The Harappans had trade relations with Afghanistan and Iran.
QIV. Give reasons for the following:
1. A large population migrated to these civilizations Irrigation through rivers brought water to dry areas and lead to surplus farming because of which a large population migrated to these places.
2. The  Indus  Valley Civilization  was  also  called  the  Harappan Civilization because
The  Indus  Valley  Civilization  was  also  called  the  Harappan Civilization  because  Harappa  was  the  first  city  to  be excavated.
3. The cities of of the Indus Civilization got completely wiped off because
The cities  of  the  Indus  Civilization  got  completely  wiped  off because the rivers Indus and Ravi changed their courses and frequent flooding of these rivers made it difficult for the people to live in.
QV. Identify the following pictures and write one or two sentences describing their features.
1.     The seals were made of soft stone and had signs, symbols and animal motifs on it.
2.     The  Great  Bath  was  the  most  important  public  place  in Mohenjo-daro and consisted of the tank situated in the citadel.
3.     The famous woman dancer image made of bronze metal.
QVI. Explain the following:
1. Granary
A  granary  was  built  on  the  top  of  a  narrowed  brick  platform. The foundation of the granary was divided into 27 square and rectangular blocks by narrow passageways, two running East West  and  eight  running  North-South.  Some  of  the  blocks  had square  sockets  for  holding  wooden  beams  or  pillars  and  the entire structure was thought to have been made of timbers.
2. Dress and ornaments of the Indus people.

People  wore  clothes  made  of  cotton  fabrics  and  wool.  Both men  and  women  of  all  classes  wore  ornaments.  Ornaments such  as  necklaces,  fillets,  armlets,  finger-rings  and  bangles were worn. Girdles, nose-studs, earrings and anklets were worn by  women  only.  These  ornaments  were  made  of  gold,  silver, ivory, copper and both precious and semi-stones such as jade, crystal, agate, carnelian and lapis lazuli.

History -Reconstructing history-W S

Give one word for
1. A tool used to show the sequence in which events happen. -Timeline
2. A person who helps in analyzing coins. - Numismatist
3. A written collection of one’s own memories. - Memoirs
4. These mountain ranges are to the south of the Gangetic Plains. -Vindhya
5. Buttons, pots, jewellery or tools are examples of this archaeological
source. - Artefacts
QII State true or false. If false correct the statement:
1. Inscriptions are living documents of ancient times. - False
Inscriptions are markings carved on a coin, medal, monument, tablet, pillar or seal. OR Historic monuments are living documents of ancient times.
2. Protohistory is the time just before the earliest recorded history. True.
3. The Indus and the Ganga are thetwo great perennial river systems arising from the Himalayas. – True
4. Indika was written by Kalhana. – False
Indika was written by Megasthenes OR Rajataranjini was written by Kalhana
5. The gold coins of Kumargupta I show him as a devtee of God Shiva.-False
The gold coins of Kumargupta show him as a devotee of God Kartikeya.
QIII Name the personalities with the help of the clues given and spot them in the word search.
1. The Siribhoovalaya was written by – Kumudendu Muni
2. He formed the Asiatic Society – William Jones
3. He declared the year 46 BCE to have – 442 days – Julius Caesar.
4. He invented the AD/BC concept – Dionysius Exiguus
5. The two Chinese travelers who visited India – Fa-hsein and Hsuang Tsang.
6. He prepared a plan for the Indian Archaelogical Survey – Alexander Cunningham
QIV Match the columns:
Archaelogical Sources How they help
1. Coins                             a.Throw light on the language of the rulers
2. Inscriptions                  b. Indicate the advancement made in metallurgy
3. Monuments                c. Reveal connections between the life in the past and now.
4. Fossils                             d. Helping in gathering information on town planning of that era.
5. Artefacts                             e. Give detail about plants and animals in the ancient times.
1. b 2. a 3. d 4. e 5. c
QVI. Draw a timeline for the eras given below
1. Vedic Cicilization – 1500BCE-500 BCE
2. Mauryan Dynasty – 321 BCE – 185CE
3. Rise of Mahajanapads – 600 BCE
4. Neolithic Age – 8000 BCE – 4000 BCE
5. Gupta Age – 319 CE – 550 CE

Q.VII Following are the names of folk tales and other historical works. Correct their spellings
1. Hetopedashe - Hitopadesha
2. Anchapantra – Panchatantra
3. Jhateka – Jataka
4. Rathashastra – Arthashastra

5. Ashtahidayi - Ashtadhayayi

Thursday, July 2, 2015

Vedic civilization -S.st

1.   How did the Aryans enter our country?
       The Aryans entered India through the Khyber Pass.
2.   Where did  the aryans  settled  first?
      The  Aryans  first  settled  in  the Sapta- Sindhu region,  that  is,  the  region  of  seven rivers.
3.   Who were dasyus?
    Dasyus  were the indegenous  inhabitants, who later after   conflict with aryans became Dasas(slaves) of the Aryans and Called Sudra.
4. What does the Vedic literature include?
The vedic literature includes  all four  vedas,Epics(Ramayan, Mahabharata),the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Upnishads, the Aryanakas as well as Upvedas.
5. What does the Rig Veda contain?
    It is a collection of hymns.
6. What forms Atharva Veda?
Collection of spells and charms
7. Into how many parts is each Veda divided? Name them. Each Veda is divided into four parts and they are the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Upanishads, the Aranyakas
8. What do the Brahamanas contain?
Prose texts which contain details about the meaning of Vedic hymns and rituals.
9. What is Mahabharata?
The Mahabharata is long est poem made up of almost 100,000 couplets—about seven times the length of the Illiad  and the Odyssey combined.It is divided into 18 parvas, or sections.
10.      What changes were made in economic life of the people during Vedic period ?
The improvement in the quality of  and size of plough as well as the use of manure lerad to increase in agricultural production.There was  rise in the variety of occupations such as charioteers, fisherman, jewellers, washermen, dyers, cooks, astrologers, barbers, musicians and smiths.